The founding fathers of the United States believed in a diplomatic entity to run our country. This gives the power to the majority vote. Meaning citizens can elect who takes office as President, national, state, and local levels. The President of the United States is the only legislative office that the citizens of the United States indirectly vote for. Each State has political figures elected by their people to represent their region. If the majority votes on a specific candidate, the representative in most cases places their vote based on the majority. While the Federal government may hold the highest form of legislative power, each State can regulate their laws for elections, eligibility, state's electoral college, state and local elections.
During the mid 70's, the Federal Elections Commission made it legal for running candidates to receive public funding if they so choose to invest in their movement. This sparks a large political debate because many of today’s voters are concerned on a controversial basis, that companies can invest more money than any average Joe to get their political figure into office. Around the same time, the Commission instated the Federal Election Campaign Act, legally requiring all running parties to submit their financial donations received. The committee looks to enforce a donation limit to any given candidate to establish a level political debate. Despite donations and campaign ads to elect an official into office, only the majority vote wins; always.
While the constitution believes in a diplomatic system in which everyone has a voice in the election, there are limits to who is eligible. The constitution has been laid out and states, “suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race of color, sex or age for citizens of eighteen years or older.” As stated before, each State is capable of modifying the eligibility laws even further, so long as they don't conflict with the constitution.
49 out of 50 states require citizens of the United States to register, in order to have access to the voting booths. The only State that doesn't require any registration, is North Dakota. Before the early 90's, voting was sparse and few engaged in it's practice. That's why in 1993, the U.S. Government passed the National Voter Registration Act, also known as the “Motor Voter” law. This law allowed residents to register as a voter in a variety of “registration services” such as drivers license, registration centers, disability centers, schools, libraries, and mail-in registration. The act even goes on to say that voters can register on the same day of the election. There are a few states who have chosen to disallow same-day registration in Idaho, Minnesota, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
In the United States, there are elections being held every other year for different branches of government. Voters can voice their opinion on political figures for presidential, federal, congressional, senate, house of representative, state and local elections. There will be elections taking place this year, in 2014 for Senate, House, and Gubernatorial positions. In 2015, being an odd numbered year, there will be no elections. In 2016 however, the Presidential elections will take place along side Senate and House.